Notes for Gabriel Duvall

!"Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties" p105: Judge Gabriel Duvall, of the Supreme Court of the United States (1811-1835) also First Comptroller of the US Treasury (1802-1811) Fought in the Revolutionary War, lost two brothers in the conflict

MARIETTA MANSION -- 5626 BellStation Rd., Glenn Dale. U.S. Supreme Court Justice Gabriel Duvall built this federal style brick home in 1812. Two outbuildings -- the judge's law office and a two-story building that was a harness room and root cellar --are original to the estate. The building is now the headquarters of the Prince George's County Historical Society. Open Fridays 11 to 3, Sundays noon to 4. Admission is $3, $2 seniors and $1 students; call 301/464-5291 (TDD: 301/779-5321).

Gabriel Duvall was born on December 6, 1752, in Prince George's Co., Maryland. He studied classics and law and was admitted to the bar in 1778. During the Revolutionary War, Duvall served as mustermaster and commissary of stores for the Maryland troops and later as a private in the Maryland militia. He served as Clerk of the Maryland State Convention from 1775 to 1777, and after the Maryland State Government was created in 1777, he served as clerk for the House of Delegates. Duvall was elected to the Maryland State Council in 1782 and to the Maryland House of Delegates in 1787. He served until 1794, when he was elected to the United States House of Representatives. Duvall was re-elected but resigned on March 28, 1796, to become Chief Justice of the General Court of Maryland. President Thomas Jefferson appointed Duvall the first Comptroller of the Treasury on December 15, 1802, and he served nine years in that position. On November 15, 1811, President James Madison nominated Duvall to the Supreme Court of the United States. The Senate confirmed the appointment three days later. Duvall served on the Supreme Court for twenty-three years and resigned on January 14, 1835. He died on March 6, 1844, at the age of ninety-one.

!Biographical Directory of the US Congress: DUVALL, Gabriel, a Representative from Maryland; born in Prince Georges Co., Md., December 6, 1752; completed preparatory studies; studied law; was admitted to the bar and practiced; member of the Governor’s council in 1783 and 1784; elected to the Third Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John F. Mercer; reelected as a Republican to the Fourth Congress and served from November 11, 1794, to March 28, 1796, when he resigned; appointed chief justice of the general court of Maryland on April 2, 1796, and resigned in 1802; appointed First Comptroller of the Treasury December 15, 1802, and served until his resignation November 18, 1811; elected judge of the court of appeals of Maryland on January 16, 1806, but declined to serve; appointed by President James Madison on November 15, 1811, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and served until his resignation on January 15, 1835, because of deafness; died near Glenn Dale, in Prince Georges Co., Md., on March 6, 1844; interment in the Marcus Duvall estate “Wigwam” family burial ground near Glenn Dale, Md.

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